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San Diego Country Estates Brain Injury Lawyer

San Diego Country Estates provides an idyllic lifestyle for those who enjoy back country adventures such as horseback riding, biking, hiking, and picturesque views from its many parks. However, even in such a beautiful place, carelessness and recklessness can lead to accidents and result in severe brain injuries. When this happens, you may need a California brain injury lawyer from Gomez Trial Attorneys.

Country Estates Brain Injury Lawyer

 

What Is a Traumatic Brain Injury?

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is caused by a violent jolt or blow to the head that

results in damage to the brain.

Seek emergency medical care if you have suffered a blow to the head that produces headaches, confusion, loss of consciousness, nausea or vomiting, fatigue or drowsiness, problems with speech, sleep difficulties, dizziness, blurred vision, or sensitivity to light or sound, or other signs of brain injuries. Failure to do so can result in severe complications that may even lead to death.

The differences refer to the initial presentation of symptoms, not outcomes. While concussions may initially be termed “mild,” they may produce long-lasting symptoms such as depression, anxiety, chronic headache, and memory problems. These effects are particularly common in individuals who have had repeated concussions over the years, such as those who participate in certain contact sports or who have military careers in which they’re subjected to blast-type injuries. An estimated 15 percent of individuals who suffer a concussion will go on to have long-lasting complications for the injury.

The severity of brain injuries and the impacts they have on one’s lifestyle depend not only on how badly the brain was injured, but also on where in the brain the injury took place. The brain consists of several regions, known as lobes, which each control certain functions of the body. The lobes and associated deficits due to injury include:

  • Frontal: The frontal lobe is the largest in the brain and is primarily in control of functions such as movement and personality characteristics. Injuries to this area may result in behavioral issues, receptive language, balance, and coordination.
  • Temporal: The temporal lobe’s primary functions include short-term memory, speech, and musical rhythm. Injuries to this part of the brain often result in difficulty recalling events, as well as an inability to speak.
  • Occipital: The occipital region of the brain is almost entirely focused on vision. Damage to the occipital lobe may result in problems with seeing the size and shape of objects.
  • Parietal: The parietal lobe’s functions include spatial relationships, and the five senses. Damage to this region of the brain can result in difficulties with depth perception and interpreting pain.
  • Cerebellum: The cerebellum serves to coordinate body movements and to maintain posture, balance, and equilibrium. Damage to the cerebellum can cause difficulty with movement and an inability to balance.
  • Brainstem: The brainstem controls involuntary responses, such as breathing, sleep and wake cycles, heart rate, sneezing, coughing, and vomiting. Because these involuntary responses are essential to life, damage to the brainstem often results in the inability to live without mechanical support to control these functions.

The type of deficit one may acquire from a traumatic brain injury also varies according to the side of the brain where the injury occurs. The right side of the brain is responsible for creativity, imagination, and figurative thinking and also controls the movement of the left side of the body. Damage to the right side of the brain may result in difficulty perceiving creative works and music, loss of “big picture” thinking, and difficulty with left side movement.

The left side of the brain controls organization, self-monitoring, emotions, and impulses, as well as the movement of the right side of the body. Injuries to the left brain may result in difficulty controlling emotions, impulsive behavior, and movement deficits on the right side of the body.

How Are Brain Injuries Caused?

Any activity that results in a blow, jolt, or bump to the head can cause a brain injury. However, some brain injury causes are more common than others and include:

  • Motor vehicle accidents, including those that involve bicyclists, prepedestrians, and motorcyclists. Head injuries are the most common cause of death to motorcyclists.
  • Blows to the head from falling or flying objects. This is a particular concern on construction sites.
  • Athletic injuries from sports such as football which may cause a player to collide head-on with other players or to bump his head against the ground.
  • Falls or accidents, which are also a common concern on construction sites, as well as with elderly individuals and very young children. Falls are one of the leading causes of accidental injuries to children under the age of 4 and people over the age of 65.
  • Physical violence, including gunshot wounds, shaken baby syndrome, assault, and combat-related injuries.

How Do Doctors Diagnose TBIs?

Brain injuries are diagnosed through a few different methods, including the Glasgow Coma Scale, which measures an injured person’s consciousness as well as responses to oral instructions and stimuli. Additionally, neuroimaging tests such as MRI and CT scans may detect the injury, as moderate and severe injuries can produce changes to the brain’s appearance that these tests may reveal.

Attorney John Gomez
San Diego Country Estates Brain Injury Attorney, John Gomez

While diagnosing the injury and determining the extent of the damage, doctors will also monitor the patient’s oxygen level and blood pressure and may administer anti-seizure medication to prevent further damage to the brain from complications that often occur in the early hours and days after the injury occurs.

Immediately after a brain injury, the brain will often swell. This swelling will have to also be monitored, and surgery may be required to remove fluid buildup on the brain. The true extent of the injury is often not known until the swelling has subsided and the patient has awakened. Sometimes, with severe injuries, the patient cannot regain consciousness and may have consciousness disorders such as:

  • Coma: The inability to be awakened or aroused by stimuli, and a complete lack of awareness of surroundings.
  • Vegetative state: The person seems to be awake but has no awareness. They may open their eyes, exhibit basic reflexes such as startling to loud sounds, and may regulate their own heartbeat and breathing without assistance. However, they show no awareness of themselves or their surroundings and do not experience emotions. After a person has been in a vegetative state for at least one year, the condition is known as a persistent vegetative state.
  • Minimally conscious state: The person shows a limited and inconsistent but definitive awareness of themselves and their surroundings. This state may often be the first sign of meaningful recovery for someone who is transitioning from coma to wakefulness. However, it may also become a consistent or even permanent state if the individual cannot exhibit more consistent awareness for many weeks or years.

If a person regains consciousness, he or she will often require months or even years of rehabilitative, speech, and occupational therapy to relearn and regain as much function as possible.

What Are the Complications of a TBI?

In addition to the consciousness disorders listed above, other conditions may result from traumatic brain injuries. Some of these complications include:

  • Fevers and infections: Infections may be caused by a penetrating injury to the skull that allows the introduction of bacteria into the meninges, which is the protective layer covering the brain. This infection, known as meningitis, can spread throughout the body and may be fatal. Fever is often a first sign of infection and will be monitored closely in a patient who has suffered a brain injury.
  • Damage to blood vessels in the brain: Blood vessels may become damaged and lead to life threatening conditions such as stroke or a blood clot. Blood clots often form in the arms or legs rather than in the brain. Approximately 40 percent of individuals suffering severe brain injuries experience this complication, which may result in a pulmonary embolism—a potentially fatal condition that is caused by the blood clot traveling to the heart or lung.
  • Seizures: Nearly half of all individuals suffering penetrating injuries to the brain will develop seizures, along with about five percent of those who have suffered a closed head injury.
  • Heterotopic ossification: In about 10-20 percent of people who have experienced a severe brain injury, an extra bone may form in a large joint, such as the hip or the shoulder. While there is no explanation as to why this occurs, the condition results in pain, swelling, inflammation, and joint stiffness where the bone appears.
  • Spasticity: This is a condition in which the muscles of the injured person become tight, causing pain and preventing the use of the body part where the spasticity occurs.
  • The likelihood of developing progressive disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease also increases among individuals who have suffered a moderate or severe brain injury.

If You Suffered a Brain Injury…

More than five million people in the United States are currently living with disabilities caused by a moderate to severe brain injury. These injuries are expensive to treat, resulting in lifetime costs of up to $300,000 (or more). Additionally, many individuals cannot return to work after being brain injured, with the employment rate at approximately 60 percent post-injury. Brain injuries not only disrupt an individual’s life to work, but also greatly damage a person’s relationships with spouses, children, and friends.

Call Our San Diego Country Estates Brain Injury Lawyers Now

If you suffered a brain injury in San Diego Country Estates that someone else’s careless or reckless behavior caused, the law allows you to seek compensation from the at-fault party through a personal injury lawsuit. This lawsuit can provide compensation for damages such as current medical expenses and for care you will require in the future, loss of income and future earning capacity, the expense of necessary accessibility modifications to your home such as wheelchair ramps, lifts, or widened doors, and an array of other injury impacts, including pain and suffering and emotional distress caused by your injury. Ultimately making living with a brain injury substantially easier.

Contact Gomez Trial Attorneys at (866) 395-6792 or write to us online for a free consultation to discuss the legal options available to you.


Gomez Trial Attorneys
OFFICE: 619.237.3490
TOLL FREE: 866.395.6792
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Gomez Trial Attorneys’ Dedicated Brain Injury Division Shines as a Beacon of Hope, Help, Experience, and Expertise for Brain Injury Victims and Families. Contact us now.

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